The Privacy Statement is about how this website collects and uses visitor information. The statement contains information that you are entitled to when collecting information from our website, and general information about how we treat personal data.The legal owner of the website is the processing officer for the processing of personal data. It is voluntary for those who visit the web sites to provide personal information regarding services such as receiving newsletters and using the sharing and tip services. The treatment basis is the consent of the individual, unless otherwise specified.
1. Web analytics and cookies (cookies)
If the webpage has search function, it stores information about what keywords users use in Google Analytics. The purpose of the storage is to improve our information service. The search usage pattern is stored in aggregate form. Only the keyword is saved and they can not be linked to other information about the users, such as the IP addresses.
3. Share / Tips service
The "Share with others" feature can be used to forward links to the site by email, or to share the content of social networking. Tips for tips are not logged with us, but only used to add the tips to the community. However, we can not guarantee that the online community does not log this information. All such services should therefore be used wisely. If you use the email feature, we only use the provided email addresses to resend the message without any form of storage.
The website can send out newsletters by email if you have registered to receive this. In order for us to be able to send e-mail, you must register an e-mail address. Mailchimp is the data processor for the newsletter. The e-mail address is stored in a separate database, not shared with others and deleted when you unsubscribe. The e-mail address will also be deleted if we receive feedback that it is not active.
5. Registration, form
The website may have a form for registration, contact form or other form. These forms are available to the public to perform the tasks they are supposed to do.Registration form is for visitors to sign up or register.Contact form is for visitors to easily send a message to the website's contact person.We ask for the name of the sender and contact information for this. Personal information we receive is not used for purposes other than responding to the inquiry.The form is sent as email via Mailgun as a third party solution. The entire submission will be stored at Mailgun for 24 hours. Between 24 hours and 30 days, only mailheader is stored before the submission is deleted after 30 days. The reason for this storage is to confirm whether emails are sent from the website and forwarded to the correct recipient.Once the email is received by the recipient, it is up to the recipient to determine the data processing needs of the email.
6. Page and service functionality
Cookies are used in the operation and presentation of data from websites. Such cookies may contain language code information for languages selected by the user. There may be cookies with information supporting the load balancing of the system, ensuring all users the best possible experience. For services that require login or search, cookies can be used to ensure that the service presents data to the right recipient.
On 23 August 1939, Stalin and Hitler sign a non-aggression pact, also known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. The pact makes it possible for Stalin to gain control of new areas west of the Soviet Union. Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Bessarabia are included in the Soviet Union. In addition, Germany and Soviet agree to divide Poland between them.
On 1 September, Germany invades Poland. Great Britain and France respond by declaring war on Germany. Soviet troops occupy eastern Poland.
Norway is occupied
In 1940 Germany invades the countries Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and France. In Norway the occupation force sets democracy aside, and introduces Nazi laws and courts. The Norwegian Nazi party, under Vidkun Quisling’s leadership, becomes the only legal political party in the country. Prisons and camps for political prisoners are established in Norway.
On 22 June 1941, Hitler launches Operation Barbarossa, Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union. According to Hitler, the invasion has four goals: First, to exterminate the “Jewish Bolshevik” leaders in the Soviet Union. Second, to subjugate the Slav population. Third, to acquire areas for colonisation, so that Germans can settle down in the best parts of Russia. Fourth and last, to have a self-governing ”Großraum” Continental Europe with Germany as the ruler.
The first Soviet prisoners of war are sent to Norway.
Soviet soldiers and civilians are taken prisoners
A large number of Soviet soldiers are captured on the Eastern Front during the war between Germany and the Soviet Union. An unknown number of civilians are also taken as prisoners by German forces. The war leads to huge loss of life. Before February 1942 more than 2 million Soviet prisoners of war die from malnutrition and typhoid, or are murdered by German Einsatz groups.
Germany further develops plans for how to use the prisoners of war as labourers. The number of PoWs sent to Norway increases dramatically.
Germany loses the Battle of Stalingrad. This marks a turning-point of the Second World War. In Norway the German occupation force starts building the railway line between northern Norway and central Norway, a line known as Nordlandsbanen. Soviet prisoners of war are used as slave labourers. By the end of 1943, more than 50,000 Soviet prisoners of war are sent to Norway.
The Red Army advances into Norway
In October 1944 the Red Army breaks through German lines by the Norwegian border and advances into Norway’s northern-most county, Finnmark. The German occupiers retreat further south. On their way they destroy buildings and infrastructure that may be of use to the Red Army. Prisoners from the camps in northern Norway are evacuated with the civilian population.
The war is over
On 30 April 1945, Adolf Hitler commits suicide and the Soviet Union takes control of Berlin. On 8 May, Norway is liberated. On 9 May, the last German forces surrender. The war is over.
During the war years, 100,000 Soviet prisoners of war and civilian forced labourers have been sent to Norway. 13,700 of them died on Norwegian soil. About 2000 managed to escape across the border to Sweden.
At the time of liberation in Norway, about 84,000 Soviet PoWs are sent home after several years of captivity in Norway. A few hide to avoid being sent back. They remain in Norway after the war.