Civilian forced labour

Civilian Soviet forced labourers were called «Ostarbeiter» (Eastern workers). For many civilians forced to work, Organisation Todt was the best option for surviving the war, persecution and extermination. Soviet civilian forced labourers were the largest group of labourers in Organisation Todt in Germany and the occupied areas. Around 100 of the 9000 Soviet civilian forced labourers died on Norwegian soil, while the survivors were returned home in 1945.